Mehrangiz Bijanpoor fra Ås videregående skole vant andreprisen i 2012-utgaven av Fritt Ords ungdomskonkurranse med artikkelen «How did the Norwegian newspapers Aftenposten and Klassekampen cover the political situation in Iran in January 1979?». Prisen er på 8.000 kroner samt reise til Menneskerettighetsdomstolen i Strasbourg.
Vox Publica presenterer her Bijanpoors egen sammenfatning av arbeidet. Du kan også laste ned essayet i sin helhet (pdf).
In 1979, the Shah was removed in an Islamic uprising and was replaced by Ayatollah Khomeini‑a Muslim fundamentalist. My research question is: How did the Norwegian newspapers, Aftenposten and Klassekampen cover the political situation in Iran in January 1979?
The demonstrations and uprising in Iran lasted for almost a year. I have however, chosen to focus on January only as much happened during this month, including Shah’s fall on 16th of January. The reason I chose Aftenposten and Klassekampen is because of their political and ideological differences. Aftenposten is a right-wing newspaper linked to the party Høyre. Klassekampen on the other hand, is a Communist paper belonging to the Communist party AKP (m‑l).
This history paper is not about the Shah specifically, and does not attempt to answer the mystery of Shah’s fall. This essay evaluates the views of two Norwegian newspapers regarding the political situation in Iran in January 1979. As the newspapers had their links to different political parties, is is interesting to see whether this influenced their approach to the events in Iran, and if so, to what extent.
Despite their different ideologies, the newspaper shared similar views regarding many aspects of the situation in Iran. First of all, both newspapers have focused a lot on the power struggle between the superpowers. Additionally, the domestic crisis in Iran, including the oil crisis, have figured prominently in the newspapers. However, their attitude towards the religious leader Khomeini and Iran’s development under a future Islamic republic, differed greatly. This again reflects the newspapers’ different political ideologies. They were often influenced by the Cold War, and the political situation in Iran was in many ways interpreted as just another piece of the puzzle in the superpower-game between the superpowers.